Throat Cancer, The problem of throat cancer can arise from any of the tissues in the throat. Typically, the patient may have the disease developing in the throat, tonsils, & voicebox tissue.
What Are First Throat Cancer Symptoms?
Let’s have a look at the typical throat cancer symptoms.
- A change in voice tone or quality.
- A swelling on the neck, throat, jaw, or eyes.
- Sometimes, the patient may have bleeding inside their mouth.
- Other first signs may also include a chronic cough or a sore throat.
What Are the Stages of the Mouth and Throat Cancer?
There are four stages of the mouth and throat cancer.
Stage 1 & Stage 2
Usually, there is a small tumor in the first two stages of the throat and mouth cancer. Therefore, it does not involve spreading of the disease to lymph nodes.
Stage 3 & Stage 4
However, the third and fourth stages are considered advanced. In these stages the tumor has already increased in size, spreading to the lymph nodes. There is low survival rate of 81 percent in oral cancer during first five years. Furthermore, after the passage of the five years, it reduces further to 56 percent. It goes down to 41 percent after 10 years. However, the rate of survival increases if the disease is diagnosed at an early stage.
Best Treatment Options for Throat and Mouth Cancer
The treatment of the throat cancer depends on the stage of diagnosis.
Early Stage Treatments
If the oncologists are able to detect the presence of cancer, they would remove the top layer. The removal of this layer also includes a marginal layer of the normal tissues.
In the first and second stage of the illness, doctors use radiation therapy or surgery. Therefore, the oncologist will see the potential side effects before determining what would work best. The common side effects include difference appearance in the throat or ability to swallow or speak.
Advanced Stage Treatments
In the advanced stages of oral cancer, the tumor has grown to a large size. The spread is reached the lymph nodes in the neck region. In most cases, the oncologists recommend a combination of chemotherapy and surgery. Therefore, the doctor will first remove the lymph nodes before applying chemotherapy. There are many factors which influence the treatment decisions. These include patient’s health current health status, the anticipated side effects, and the spread. Therefore, the typical approach for treating the oral cancer is using chemotherapy and then applying chemoradiation. Furthermore, if the disease is spread to other body parts, the doctors may recommend the use of cetuximab, chemo or both.
Lifestyle Changes to Avoid Developing Cancer
Here are some strong suggestions to avoid development of oral cancer symptoms.
- Avoid using tobacco including pipes, cigarettes, snuff, or chewing tobacco.
- Furthermore, the use of alcohol with tobacco drastically increases the chances of developing mouth and throat cancer. Also, try reducing the intake of the alcohol to decrease the chances of having this ailment.
- Similarly, Try to live a healthy lifestyle, getting plenty of exercises and avoid unnecessarily increasing the exposure to sunlight.
- Do not take too many medications as they can weaken your immune system.